Itchy, red and scaly scalp—these are the common signs of psoriasis of the scalp, and can appear anywhere on the head. Scalp psoriasis can look a lot like dandruff. However, dandruff is easier to remove and is usually restrained within the hairline. Scalp psoriasis, on the other hand, form patches of thick white scales with silvery coating on the scalp that may cause bleeding if scratched or removed. Patches that are formed may likewise extend outside the hairline. Cases may be relatively mild– with a few red patches speckled across the scalp—and almost unnoticeable. In severe cases, most of the scalp will be covered with red patches with thick white scales that may extend down to the forehead, ears and neck. People with psoriasis of the scalp also experience burning sensations or soreness. As it causes itchiness, frequent scratching of the scalp, in an attempt to remove the scales, can also cause temporary hair loss. I have included a couple of psoriasis of the scalp pictures here to show how extensive the effect this skin disorder may have on a person who has it.
What causes this skin disorder?
Like other forms of psoriasis, the precise cause of psoriasis of the scalp is still a mystery. It is believed to be a result of faulty signals from an abnormality in the immune system that direct the skin cells to grow more rapidly than usual. This rapid skin cell growth builds up to form patches on the scalp. Studies also establish that psoriasis of the scalp will probably develop if psoriasis runs in the family.
Although psoriasis of the scalp may just come and go, is not infectious, and may not affect your overall wellbeing, still, the inconvenience and embarrassment that it causes are enough reasons to look for a quick solution to this problem.
How can it be treated?
Treatment of psoriasis of the scalp differs from person to person, and may depend on a number of factors, such as: severity of the symptoms, its reaction to the treatment, parts of the body affected, and hair condition of the affected person’s hair.
The first step would be to soften and remove the scales. This will make it a lot easier for the treatment to pass through the scalp and cure the skin condition.
There are psoriasis of the scalp home remedies that can immediately alleviate the itchiness, burning sensation, as well as remove the flakes on the scalp. However, treating scalp psoriasis with topical treatments such as medicated shampoos that contain tar and salicylic acid, ointments, gels, creams and soaps (the usual first line of defense against skin disorders like this that are readily available over the counter), still, applying the treatment can be difficult as the scaly crusts stick to the hair and the scalp deeply.
Prescriptions for a stronger preparation might be necessary, or you may need to take medication orally or by injection if symptoms persist. There are instances when the scalp psoriasis will not respond as expected, and your physician may have to combine or change the medicine or treatment with another type of treatment.